How 'The Force Awakens' is based on 'The Wizard of Oz'

How – and why – ‘Star Wars: The Force Awakens’ is based on ‘The Wizard of Oz’

The Force Awakens has been frequently dismissed as a lazy rip-off of Star Wars, and it’s easy to see why – Death Star type threat, desert planet, stolen data in a droid, etc. But it’s clear to me that another story has been a key influence – The Wizard of Oz.

In Rey we have a female protagonist – whose life on Jakku is like Dorothy’s depression era great grey Kansas prairie. She is also – essentially – an orphan, and Dorothy’s quest to get back to her family is mirrored in Rey’s yearning to be reunited with hers. Like Dorothy, Rey also thinks nothing of dropping everything to help the friends she has just made.

Leaving Jakku and heading to Takodana, Rey is overwhelmed by the greenness of the planet, much like visitors to the famed Emerald City in Oz. We then meet Maz Kanata, who like a good witch advises our young female hero on her quest.

In Kylo Ren, we have the Wicked Witch of the tale. In Oz she wants the slippers that belonged to her sister. Ren meanwhile wants the lightsaber that he feels he should have inherited. Both resent the young female protagonist, who posses far greater power than they initially gave them credit.

Ren kidnaps Rey, like the witch took Dorothy. In both stories, the new friends of our female heroes group together to mount a rescue. Finn, like the cowardly Lion, is seeking courage – and realises he has it when it comes to saving his friend.

What about the actual Wizard? Visually, the most obvious connection in The Force Awakens is Snoke. We see him in a cavernous hall, a looming giant who is a source of knowledge and power. The ‘Wizard’ of Oz is famously all smoke and mirrors, and perhaps this gives us a clue to Snoke – who we only see via a holographic projection. What is he really like? What is he hiding about himself?

But the real ‘wizards’ of the Star Wars universe are the Jedi. And while the Wizard of Oz is a mysterious figure who can save our heroes, in The Force Awakens we have Luke Skywalker, the last Jedi who it is hoped can save the galaxy.

In both stories, the quest to reach these ‘wizards’ is the big narrative driver of the story. In Oz, the heroes have the yellow brick road to guide them. In The Force Awakens, there is a map – and when it is finally revealed, what do we see? Yellow blocks leading to ‘the Wizard’.

This map is the virtual yellow brick road leading to the Wizard, in this case Luke Skywalker.

The Map to Luke Skywalker from The Force Awakens
In ‘The Force Awakens’ this is the ‘yellow brick road’ leading to ‘the Wizard’.

Ok, so the big question is ‘So what?’

For me, this isn’t about extrapolating what how the plot of The Last Jedi may unfold. These connections may offer clues, or simply red herrings.

What I really wanted to highlight is the power of the narrative in this movie. It’s more than a simple rehash of Star Wars with a girl.

By being so clearly influenced by The Wizard of Oz, a classic female lead fantasy adventure, The Force Awakens has tapped into a collective storytelling consciousness, and one with a girl hero at the heart of it.

While the filmmakers were obviously keen to bring back Star Wars fans, hence the links to the original trilogy, it now seems clear that they were also reaching out to female cinemagoers – of all ages.

Little girls have loved the adventures of Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz for generations. Perhaps the filmmakers of The Force Awakens deliberately tapped into a tried and tested female driven narrative as well – to ensure that this new Star Wars saga would also appeal to the girls that had been previously discouraged from engaging with the galaxy far, far away…


2 thoughts on “How – and why – ‘Star Wars: The Force Awakens’ is based on ‘The Wizard of Oz’”

  1. Hmm, or maybe they’re all based on the Hero’s Journey story structure?
    I think it would be better for us lasses if Rey had a few more women around her. Boys and men are overrepresented everywhere!

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